Community Fishing Program waters are a perfect place to learn how to fish. This video will show you how to get rigged and ready for catfish, as well as stocked trout.


To go fishing you can use:

Cane pole: Simply tie the line to the end of the pole.


Spinning rodRod and reel: Thread the line from the reel through the rod guides.


Here are two ways to get your line ready:

1. Squeeze a split shot sinker onto the line. You can use an egg sinker (figure 1) or split shot sinker (figure 2). Click on the following images to enlarge them.


2. Wrap line under the hook of a small bobber (right) … bobber

… or in the case of figure 3, you can slide the line through a pencil bobber and add a split shot sinker.


  • Finally, tie a hook to the end of the line. IT’S EASY TO STICK YOURSELF WITH A FISH HOOK. BE CAREFUL!

Many fish eat:

Worms and nightcrawlers


Small minnows


Grasshoppers and crickets (they eat most small, crawly things)


Fish need shelter:

Shelter for fish may be underwater trees, deep water, rocks, weedbeds, reef balls, and boat docks. Target these areas.

Underwater trees at Topock Marsh
Underwater trees at Topock Marsh
Man-made reef balls that are sunk tend to harbor multiple species.
Man-made reef balls that are sunk tend to harbor multiple species.

The more you fish, the more you learn about effects of:

Water temperature, weather, time of year, the importance of clean and oxygenated water.

Fish are sometimes found at different levels:

First try fishing shallow. If you don’t at first get a bite, move your bobber up the line to fish deeper. Usually, the deeper the water, the colder it is.

Sometimes you’ll want to remove the bobber and fish on the bottom.

Fish for dinner!

See a video on a simple way of how to prepare whole fish.

See one way how to fillet a trout.

See how to pan fry fish.

Visit a sporting goods store

Check out this Google map to find the sporting goods store near you. Talk to your local sporting goods fishing expert to get helpful tips, fishing reports and advice on proper fishing gear!

Common reels are:

  • Closed face spin-reel (also known as push button reels)


  • More specialized reels (Bait casting reels and fly-fishing reels.)
Fly reel

Rods can be:

  • Stiff, flexible, thin, thick, long and short. The type of rod you choose should match the type of reel. Kids may want to start with a short, lightweight spincast rod of 4.5-5 feet long.

Fishing line

The most popular, and cheap, type of line is monofilament. It is a great line for beginners. The outside of the box tells what pound test the line is. Pound test refers to how much strength it takes to break line. It’s best to begin learning with line between 6 and 12 pounds.



Hooks come in all sizes. Use smaller hooks for smaller fish. Some hooks come with a 6-inch piece of line attached (called snell hooks). In the following cases, the higher the number, the SMALLER the hook.


  • Nos. 10-18 are best for crappie, perch and small bluegill
  • Nos. 8-10 are ideal for larger bluegill, sunfish, perch, crappie and catfish
  • No. 6-8 best fit in the mouth of big bluegill, perch, crappie, small bass and catfish
  • Nos. 4 -6 work for big fish — catfish, bass, carp, etc.


You can fish with live bait or articifial baits, which in the water act like natural bait. These are fun because the angler can provide the action to make the lure act as though it were alive. You’re really fooling the fish!

Common artificials are:

  • Jigs


  • Spinners


  • Crankbaits


  • Plastic worms

Plastic worm

  • Spoons


  • PowerBait is an excellent stink bait that is ideal for trout.

PowerBait copy

Sinkers help the bait go deeper, keep the line tight so you can feel bites, and cast farther.


Swivels help keep the bait or lure from twisting the line.


Learning the basics:

  • See more easy videos of how to tie a couple different knots:

Palomar knot

Uni knot

Be sure to bring along clippers, pliers or a small pocket knife to easily cut your line!

Pliers and clippers

And take a stringer, since you do intend to catch fish.

stringers copy

We hope this was helpful. Go enjoy the heritage-rich sport of fishing. Be sure to keep up with the latest rules and regulations online, and don’t forget your fishing license!

5 thoughts on “FISHING BASICS”

  1. It’s really impressive. I like fishing. But I could not be fishing properly because I could not know what kind of elements are need for fishing. But after reading this post, I get some concepts about fishing. I think, now I can catch fish properly. Thanks a lot for share with us. And request to keep writing.

  2. I love fishing a lot. Though I am new at fishing. I just bought fishing reel, hooks, line , fishing rod etc. I faced a lot of problems while fishing. And I am learning a lot about fishing. Thanks for awesome post.

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